Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums often caused by an accumulation of plaque and bacteria under the gums or between the teeth. It is the early stage of gum disease (periodontitis) and can often be reversed with regular dental cleaning and flossing.
If left untreated, gingivitis can develop into periodontitis. At this stage, inflammation of the gums spreads deeper into the supporting structures of the teeth. The body’s immune response to the bacteria and toxins involved in plaque and tartar build-up can lead to the breakdown of the bone and connective tissues that hold teeth in place.
Loss of bone support weakens the foundations of the teeth, making them mobile. If left untreated, this can lead to tooth loss.
When teeth loosen and shift due to bone loss, changes in occlusion and the appearance of the smile can occur.
As the bone supporting the gums erodes, the gums can recede, exposing the roots of the teeth. This can lead to tooth sensitivity and an increased risk of cavities on exposed roots.
Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease, and if detected and treated early, can often be reversed. Don’t wait for these symptoms to worsen. Take care of your oral health and contact us today for an appointment.
Gingivitis can manifest itself in different ways. Here are the three main symptoms to watch out for:
If your gums bleed when you brush or floss, you may have gingivitis.
Healthy gums are pale pink in color. If your gums are red, swollen or painful to the touch, you could be suffering from gingivitis.
Gingivitis can also cause constant bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth.
If you notice bleeding gums when brushing or flossing, red, inflamed or sore gums, or if you have persistent bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth, this may indicate gingivitis. It’s crucial not to ignore these signs.
Gingivitis is often silent, but the consequences can be serious. Good dental hygiene and regular check-ups are your best allies in preventing it.